Indus Valley Civilization, regarded to be the oldest civilization in the world, is marked as the point where our history truly begins. Supported by recent findings, the Indus Valley Civilization which was sought to be a contemporary of the Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization, is in fact, older!
When one charts the location of the civilization and starts to analyse the technological advances of that time, it is very easy to be blown away by the storm that was this age.
Yes, it is true that one wouldn’t find a visual beauty in terms of architecture, but the knowledge that lies behind it is as awe-inspiring as they come; and once you come to terms with that, it will be anything but ordinary.
So, how does one revisit the Indus Valley Civilization?
Harappa, was the first city to be discovered and is now located in Pakistan. So if you’re in Lahore (any time of the year), so to speak and looking for an offbeat tour,
Here’s how you reach Harappa:
Harappa can be easily reached by bus. From Lahore, tourists can purchase a bus ticket to Sahiwal. The journey will take approximately 4 hours. With a distance of 24 km, from Sahiwal, one can take a bus to Harappa, which will take another 1 and half hours.
Those looking for a comfortable way to get to the site can hire a taxi which will take them directly to the place. The place can also be reached via Multan Road from Lahore. From Amritsar, the total distance to Harappa is 219 km which takes around 3 and half hours. (Be sure to carry a visa, if travelling from Amritsar!)
Along with the excavations lies the museum showcasing the seven stages of that the civilization went through, as well as the shrine of a celebrated sufi, a small gurudwara and a pre-mughal period Mosque, all marked by tracks and paths that make sure to show you the entirety of the complex.
Hotel Mavra, Hotel Firdaus in Multan are some of the good places to stay.
Harappan houses were the first of its time to enjoy the luxury of attached bathrooms alongwith flush toilets!
One of the greatest urban centres of the Indus valley civilization, also touted to be the ultimate representative of the civilization, Mohenjo Daro is an adventurer’s goal to achieve.
Here’s how you reach Mohenjo Daro:
Located in the Larkana district of Sindh, in Pakistan, Mohenjodaro can be easily visited. Taxi and bus services are available to reach the ruins. Mohenjodaro airport is located near the ruins, so you can fly from Karachi to Mohenjodaro. From Larkana, the ruins can be reached by train as well. It is usually advised to take it as a day-trip from Sukkur.
You can also visit the Indus River valley, Mohatta Palace Museum, Mazar-E-Quaid, Clifton Beach and Three Swords monument.
Hotel Al-Habib, Hotel Mehran.
Surrounded by the Rann of Kutch, visiting Dholavira requires great motivation, but the end result is said to be intensely fruitful. Here you discover just how advanced the Harappans were. From advanced water storage systems to rain water harvesting projects that throw some serious shades on the 21st century waterworks, a visit to this site is said to be a humbling experience.
Here’s how you reach Dholavira
Dholavira is about 6 hours by road from Ahmedabad or 4 hours by road from Bhuj. The nearest airport and rail station is Ahmedabad or Bhuj. One could visit the excavations and ruins and then later head out to Bhuj to experience the Rann of Kutch.
CL Sharma Resorts (Bhuj), City: The Village resort (Bhuj).
A quick takeaway…
There are several Harappan sites, yet only three have been listed as they are the most developed and well maintained. To be little precise, over 1,056 Harappan cities and settlements had been discovered till date, out of which 96 have been excavated till now. Most of them are situated in the vast regions of the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra rivers and their tributaries. Rakhigarhi, Lothal and Kalibangan are some other urban cities besides Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. So, you see there’s a lot to know an discover.
Come visit if you wish to dig deeper!